Mandarin (01 - Kahn)
Real Name: Kahn
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The Makluan rings he wears, which he can command over vast distances, each possess a different ability: â€śice blastâ€ť (left little finger), to emit waves of cold; â€śmento-intensifierâ€ť (left ring finger), to place people under mental control; â€śelectro-blastâ€ť (left middle finger), to emit electricity of various intensities; â€śflame blastâ€ť (left index finger), to project heat and trigger chemical explosions; â€śwhite lightâ€ť (left thumb), to emit various forms of electromagnetic energy; â€śblack lightâ€ť (right little finger), to create absolute blackness, possibly a form of Darkforce; â€śdisintegration beamâ€ť (right ring finger), to break down a targetâ€™s molecular bonds; â€śvortex beamâ€ť (right middle finger), to manipulate air for levitation or concussive force; â€śimpact beamâ€ť (right index finger), to project explosive, sonic, or magnetic force; and â€śmatter rearrangerâ€ť (right thumb), to alter a substanceâ€™s molecular structure into gas, liquid, or solid form. He has used a wide variety of robots, weaponry, and vehicles.
Born circa 1920, the future Mandarin was raised by his embittered aunt following his parentsâ€™ deaths, and as an adult he used his brilliance and family wealth to attain prominence in the Kuomintang Partyâ€™s reign over China. The Communist Revolution of 1949 cost him his position and power, although the population he had once commanded still regarded him with nigh-mystic awe. After years of seeking some means of regaining greatness, he ventured into the mysterious Valley of Spirits, where he discovered the millennia-old wreckage of a starship of the reptilian Kakaranatharian, or Makluan, extraterrestrial race, and the ten mighty rings which had powered the vessel. Unaware that the Makluans themselves remained at large, posing as humans, the Mandarin spent decades mastering Makluan technology, then several years more conquering the valleyâ€™s adjacent villages and establishing a network both of citadels and of loyal followers such as Po, Yu, and Li Fong. His long-range goal was to conquer China, and then the world, which he claimed he would rule with the â€świsdom and harmonyâ€ť of his nobleman ancestors. During these years he fathered a son, Temujin, whom he sequestered in a remote monastery, and took the girl later known as Madam Macabre as a student; another girl, Mei-Ling, became betrothed to marry him in adulthood. He also discovered the dormant alien robot Ultimo within a volcano, and worked for years to revive him using a combination of science and magic.
In recent years, seeking assistance to master the Makluan ringsâ€™ full power, the Mandarin became the patron of the Sin-Cong revolutionary Wong Chu, who abducted the Chinese genius Ho Yinsen and American industrialist Tony Stark. However, Yinsen sacrificed his life to enable Stark to escape and overwhelm Wong Chuâ€™s forces using his first Iron Man armor. After disciplining Wong Chu for his failure, the Mandarin had the opportunity to stop Iron Man from departing but, intrigued, allowed him to pass unhindered, little realizing the armored hero would become his most persistent nemesis.
Several months later, Iron Man visited China to investigate the Mandarin for the U.S. government. Using the rings and his own combat skills, the Mandarin nearly defeated Iron Man, who nonetheless outwitted him and escaped. Soon after, the pair again clashed when the Mandarin pulled Stark surveillance missiles from the sky to use for his own purposes, then manipulated the Chinese government into test-firing a missile which, unknown to them, was intended to trigger world war, but Iron Man defeated him both times. Affected by Doctor Doomâ€™s Emotion Charger, the Mandarin next joined many other super-villains in attacking the Fantastic Fourâ€™s Richards-Storm wedding; later, he recruited the Swordman, whose sword he equipped with greater technological weaponry, to serve as his spy within the Avengers, but the Swordsman ultimately balked at destroying the Avengers and betrayed him.
Finally activating Ultimo, the gloating Mandarin teleported Stark to his citadel to observe the supposed triumph, but Iron Man lured the giant back into the volcano, temporarily imprisoning him. Later, Iron Man again prevented his foe from provoking world war with a second missile scheme. Reactivating Ultimo and rehiring the Swordsman, along with Living Laser, Power Man (later Atlas of the Thunderbolts), Enchantress, and the Executioner, the Mandarin launched an effort to empower a world-wide hate-ray, only to be foiled by the Avengers. He next mentally controlled the Hulk and used him to wreak havoc, thinking each nation would blame the other for the behemothâ€™s attacks, but his control was disrupted by Nick Fury and Yuri Brevlov of S.H.I.E.L.D. Undaunted, the Mandarin, now accompanied by the adult Mei-Ling, used a Hulk robot to abduct Starkâ€™s lover Janice Cord while framing Stark himself for enemy conspiracy, but Mei-Ling, touched by Cordâ€™s love for Stark and disillusioned by the Mandarinâ€™s cruelty, sacrificed her life helping Iron Man defeat him. A second attempt to control the Hulk with the help of the Sandman also failed, as did efforts to foment unrest by abducting peacemaker Dr. Robert Hoskins, who was rescued by Captain America.
Hoping to enhance his ringsâ€™ already phenomenal power, the Mandarin manipulated the Royal Family of Inhumans into obtaining the mystic Eye of Yin, created centuries ago by Makluan-trained sorcerers, but he was overpowered by Black Bolt, who absconded with his rings. After allying himself with the former Russian super-operative Unicorn, the Mandarin regained the rings via a Makluan headband device and returned his attention to Tony Stark. In the identity of Gene Kahn, he stirred unrest among Starkâ€™s employees, then, when exposed, fought Iron Man alongside the Unicorn. However, careless use of the headband inadvertently switched the Mandarinâ€™s consciousness with that of the terminally ill Unicorn, and he quickly abandoned the fight to rectify the situation. Adding insult to injury, he discovered that a rival mastermind, the Yellow Claw, had, at the prodding of the extradimensional Black Lama, seized his current base, one of his Chinese castles, in his absence. Retiring to an underwater base, the Mandarin captured Sunfire and forced him to power the machinery that restored him to his rightful body, but even with Ultimoâ€™s aid, regaining his castle was not so simple. Iron Man and Sunfire intervened in the conflict, which ended with the Mandarin seemingly slain by the Yellow Clawâ€™s robot surrogate, the Makluan rings claimed by the Clawâ€™s servant Loc Do.
However, the Mandarinâ€™s new control of his consciousness enabled him to transfer his intellect into the rings themselves, and he remade Loc Doâ€™s body into a younger version of his own. Despite his new body, his customary schemes to foment world war were once more thwarted by Iron Man. Efforts to obtain Wakandaâ€™s Vibranium via the resurrected Killmonger proved no more successful, and his attempt to destroy Chinaâ€™s rice crops, intended to drive the Chinese government into invading other nations, was disrupted by an alternate Iron Man (Starkâ€™s temporary replacement Jim Rhodes). Later, while experimenting with his rings, the Mandarin was rendered comatose; although he recovered physically, he was left amnesiac when elderly Chen Hsu, the millennia-old captain of the disguised Makulans, stole and replaced one of his rings, still tied to his consciousness and thus necessary to restore his memory fully. As Zhang Tong, the Mandarin, still driven by a need for conquest, became a criminal overlord in Hong Kong, allowing ten underlings to use his rings as his operatives in the so-called Hand. Having no memory of his grudge against Stark, he sought to force a business alliance but was again foiled by Iron Man, who nonetheless found himself unable to interfere with his opponentâ€™s criminal network. Soon afterward, the Mandarin joined several other masterminds in the so-called â€śActs of Vengeanceâ€ť anti-superhero conspiracy, then allied with Matsuo Tsurayaba of the ninja Hand, but these endeavors were disrupted by the Avengers and the X-Men, and subsequent worldwide attacks on crime prevention specialists were ended by Nick Furyâ€™s intervention.
Eventually recognizing Chen Hsuâ€™s theft, the Mandarin confronted the old man, who returned both his ring and his memory, then guided him in commanding the gigantic Makluan dragon Fin Fang Foom, with whom the Mandarin soon seized control of one-third of his native land. Tony Stark and James Rhodes, both armored as Iron Man, intervened, but the Mandarin turned against Hsu and Foom upon learning that the Makluans wanted to rule Earth themselves; with Stark channeling his own armorâ€™s power through the rings, the Mandarin seemingly destroyed the Makluans, but his hands were burned off in the process. Eventually recovering, he grew new reptilian hands and recovered his rings, then discovered the Thuviskaroth of Cataphylaxis, a.k.a. the Heart of Darkness, a centuries-old talisman of cosmic evil. Forced through a psychological gauntlet in which he overcame personifications of his earlier schemes, he emerged near-mad with supernatural power and, in a departure from his usual methods, mystically reverted China to its medieval state, supposedly saving the world from the corruption of the technology he had commanded so long, with the assistance of the superhuman Avatars. While War Machine (Jim Rhodes) and Force Works fought the Avatars, Iron Man penetrated the Mandarinâ€™s defenses and infected him with a techno-organic virus, nullifying his Heartâ€™s mystic bond and again rendering him amnesiac as the janitor Chu.
Regaining his identity, the Mandarin rebuilt his power base once more, clashing with Squirrel Girl and using the Espionage Elite, the Dreadnoughts, and others to undermine Stark, whom he now knew to be Iron Man and of whose capabilities he was unsure following the heroâ€™s revival from the Onslaught crisis. Aboard his immense aircraft, the Dragon of Heaven, the Mandarin invaded Russia using a mercenary army fought by the Avengers and Winter Guard, but this was merely a pretext to lure Iron Man into action and better test him in battle. Although satisfied Iron Man indeed remained a worthy adversary, the knowledge seemed to do the Mandarin little good when Iron Man destroyed the Dragon of Heavenâ€™s power source, toppling it from the sky. The Mandarin was seemingly slain in the disaster, but this may be only the latest of the many seeming deaths from which he has returned.
The Mandarin had been residing in a Chinese prison for some time. He has also been living without food or water for years, proving he still possesses his mastery of chi. And even despite his condition he was still able to kill several armed guards with his extraordinary martial arts prowess. His rings have also been returned to him. How he regained them from his son Temugin has not yet been revealed. (Temugin had used the rings while his father was thought dead). With his power rings returns to him he has assimilated them into his body by burning them directly into his spine.
After attacking Iron Man and SHIELD with dozens of extremist splinter groups under his manipulation, and equipped by him with hyper-advanced biological weapons, Mandarin eventually resurfaces as Tem Borjigin (an alias of Genghis Khan). The Mandarin has also infiltrated the U.S. government through his role as CEO of Prometheus Gentech, a corporation specializing in bio-engineered weaponry. He appears to be using Extremis creator and Tony Stark's former love interest Maya Hansen to produce an army of Extremis enhanced soldiers as well as financing and arming terrorists around the globe. The Mandarin also appears to plan unleashing the Extremis virus in aerosol form on the general public, which would kill most of the world's population except for a select few (roughly 3% of the human population) who have the genetic potential to withstand the Extremis effect. The Mandarin admits to Hansen that even he will die in the outbreak but that she and those with the genetic aptitude to survive will become free from disease, and effectively immortal. In this way, the Mandarin believes he will rid the world of its evils, allowing civilization to begin renewed. Iron Man defeats the Mandarin while wearing the Silver Centurion armor by tearing five of the rings out of the Mandarin's spine, blasting him with those rings, his unibeam, and repulsors at the same time, and then freezing him as he is engulfed in deadly concentrated Extremis virus. When the Mandarin's apparently frozen body is autopsied, all that is found is a blackened husk.
Mandarin is revealed to be the father of Sasha Hammer, as she introduces her boyfriend Ezekiel Stane to her parents. Mandarin tells Stane some of the various names he's known as, then simply instructs Stane to refer to him as "Master". With help from Zeke Stane, Mandarin recruits Blizzard IV, Chemistro III, Crimson Dynamo XIII, Firebrand IV, Firepower, Living Laser, Melter II, Mauler III, a Titanium Man, Vibro, and Whirlwind as well as building some new Dreadnought robots in a plot to take out Iron Man.
Following the events of "Stark Resilient" it is revealed that the Mandarin has gained some measure of mental control over Tony Stark. How the Mandarin gained this control, is as yet unrevealed, but it has been stated that he is "in Stark's head", and had been observing and influencing his actions since Stark's return to public life. Among these actions were implanted design ideas for "Titanomechs", huge squid-like war machines apparently capable of taking over the world (as seen in an alternate future in Invincible Iron Man #500). The Mandarin then kidnapped Stark in secret, bringing him to Mandarin City to develop ten Titanomechs, which Mandarin planned to use as host bodies for each of his ten rings, which he revealed were actually vessels for the souls of ten alien beings. In truth, the Mandarin served these beings, and had planned all along to "resurrect" them in this fashion. However Tony formed a alliance with Ezekiel Stane, Whirlwind, Blizzard and Living Laser in a rebellion against Mandarin, managing to use the technology in his body to help Resilient to find him trough microbots known as the Swarm, which tracked the repulsor technology. Resilient then asked for help to the Triumph Division and the Dynasty. After the Extremis virus is reactivated, Tony created a link with the Swarm, and use them as bombs to destroy the Titanomechs. In the battle outcome, Mandarin is apparently killed by Stane much to the dismay of Iron Man.
First Appearance: Tales of Suspense (1959) #50
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All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2006)
#7 Amazing Adventures (1970)
- 'Victor Mancha to Phantazia'
Avengers Assemble (Panini) (2012)
#2 Avengers West Coast (1989)
- 'Meet The New Avengers!'
#55 Cable (1993)
- 'The Breaking Strain'
#33 Captain America (1968)
- 'Never Is a Very Short Time'
Die Rächer (1979)
#39 Dream Team (1995)
- 'Kam Eine Spinne Des Weges...'
Earth X (1999)
Essential X-Men (1995)
#7#9 Fantastic Four (1961)
- 'Complete X-Epic Inside!'#14
Fantastic Four Adventures (2005)
#47 Force Works (1994)
- 'A Family Torn Apart!'
#6 Hawkeye (2012)
- 'Hands of the Mandarin, Part 1: Goodbye Hong Kong'#7
- 'Hands of the Mandarin, Part 4: Heart of Darkness'
Invincible Iron Man (2008)
Annual 01 Iron Man (1968)
- 'Mandarin: The Story of My Life'#33#500#500.1
- 'What It Was Like, What Happened, And What It's Like Now'#510
- 'Demon Part 1: The Beast In Me'#511
- 'Demon Part 2: Exposure'#512
- 'Demon Part 3: Control'#513
- 'Demon Part 4: Control'#514
- 'Demon Part 5: Melt'#515
- 'Demon Part 6: Fall'#516
- 'Long Way Down 1: Night Of The Long Knives'#517
- 'Long Way Down 2: How To Make A Madman'#518
- 'Long Way Down 3: You Ghosts Of Mine Both New And Old'#519
- 'Long Way Down 4: The Work'#520
- 'Long Way Down 5: The Dead And The Dying'#521
- 'The Future Part 1: The Demolished Man'#522
- '2: Rings'#523
- '3: Swarm'#524
- '4: Armor War'#525
- '5: Beating Down The Transhuman Condition'#526
- '6: Independence Day'
Annual 05 Iron Man (1998)
- 'War and Remembrance'Annual 05 (Newsstand Edition)
- 'War and Remembrance'Annual 07
- 'When Giants Walk the Earth'Annual 07 (Newsstand Edition)
- 'When Giants Walk the Earth'#9
- '...There Lives a Green Goliath'#10
- 'Once More... The Mandarin!'#11
- 'Mandarin and the Unicorn: Double-Death!'#68
- 'Night of the Rising Sun!'#69
- 'Who Shall Stop...Ultimo?'#74
- 'The Modok Machine!'#77
- 'I Cry: Revenge!'#80
- 'Mission Into Madness!'#96
- 'Only a Friend Can Save Him'#98
- 'Sunfire Strikes Again!'#99
- 'At the Mercy of the Mandarin!'#100
- 'Ten Rings To Rule the World!'#101
- 'Then Came the Monster!'#115
- 'Mission Into Darkness'#180
- 'This Ancient Enemy'#181
- 'Though My Life be Forfeit'#211
- 'Seeing the Light'#241
- 'China See'#242
- 'Master Blaster'#259
- '... Like All Secrets, Easily Revealed'#260
- 'Put Them All Together And They Spell Laser!'#261
- 'Armor Wars II Part 4'#262
- 'The Enemy Within'#263
- 'Stone Walls Do Not A Prison Make'#264
- 'Where is Iron Man?'#265
- 'This Mortal Coil'#266
- 'The Persistence of Memory'#268
- 'First Blood'#269
- 'The Hollow Man'#270
- 'The Price'#271
- 'Dragon Flame'#272
- 'Dragon Seed'#273
- 'Here There be Dragons'#274
- 'Dragon Lord'#275
- 'Dragon DOOM!'#276
- 'With Friends Like These...'#288
- 'Ground Zero'#306
- 'Terminal Emulation'#309
- 'Signal To Noise'#310
- 'Friends... and Other Enemies'#311
- 'Hands of the Mandarin, Part 3: The Conqueror'#311 (Marvel Legends Reprint)
- 'The Conqueror'#312
- 'Hands of the Mandarin, Part 6: There Shall Come an Ending!'
#1 Iron Man (2005)
- 'Looking Forward'#2
- 'Hidden Assets'#3
- 'The Art of the Deal'#9
- 'Field of Honor'#10
- 'In the Belly of the Beast'#11
- 'Schedule Conflicts'#53
- 'Book of the Ten Rings'#54
- 'Book of the Ten Rings Chapter Two'
Iron Man Collector's Preview (1994)
Iron Man: Director of S.H.I.E.L.D. (2008)
#34 Iron Man: Enter the Mandarin (2007)
- 'War Machine: Weapon of S.H.I.E.L.D., Part 2'
Iron Man: The Legend (1996)
L`invincible Iron Man (1972)
#12 L'incroyable Hulk (1968)
- 'La greve!'#13
- 'Mandarin et Unicorn: double-mort!'#23
- 'La nuit du soleil levant!'#24
- '«Qui arretera Ultimo?»'#31
- '«...Ici vit un geant vert»'#53/54
- 'A la merci du Mandarin!'#135/136
- 'Cet ancien ennemi!'
#2 Marvel (1988)
- 'Les dix bagues...du Mandarin!'#4
- 'Le monstre triomphe!'
Marvel 1985 (2008)
#4 Marvel Age (1983)
- 'Small-Town Mutie'#6
- 'Nuff Said!'
Marvel Comics Presents (1988)
Marvel Double Feature (1973)
Marvel Exklusiv (1998)
Marvel Legends (2007)
Marvel Limited: X-Men Famous Firsts (1995)
HC Marvel Masterworks (1987)
- 'Marvel Limited: X-Men Famous Firsts'
#25 Marvel Super-Heroes (1967)
- 'The Fantastic Four'
#61 Marvel Team-Up (2004)
- 'Ten Rings Hath....The Mandarin!'#62
- 'Monster Triumphant!'#68
- 'At Last I Will Have My Revenge!'
#19 Marvel Treasury Edition (1974)
- '1991: A Freedom Ring Prelude'
#5 Marvel vs. Capcom: Official Complete Works (2012)
- 'The Hulk on the Rampage!'
#9 Marvel: The Year-in-Review (1989)
- 'Die Rächer'#29
- 'Der Eiserne'
#1 Nick Fury, Agent of S.H.I.E.L.D. (1989)
- '1989 The Year in Review'
#24 Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2008)
- 'The Camouflaged Commemoratives Affair'
Ryhmä-X / X-Men (1984)
Spider-Man Comics Weekly (UK) (1973)
#166 Super Soldiers (1993)
- 'Super Spider-Man with the Super-Heroes'
Tales of Suspense (1959)
Tales to Astonish (1959)
The All-New Iron Manual (2008)
The Avengers (1963)
Annual 19 The Avengers (1973)
- 'Terminus Factor, Stage 5: Beat Me in St. Louis'King-Size Special 01
- 'The Monstrous Master Plan of the Mandarin!'#20
- 'Vengeance Is Ours!'#311
- 'The Weakest Point'#312
- 'Has the Whole World Gone Mad?!?'#313
- 'Thieves Honor'
The Incredible Hulk (1968)
#107 The Invincible Iron Man (2007)
- 'Ten Rings Hath... The Mandarin!'#108
- 'Monster Triumphant!'#114
- 'At Last I Will Have My Revenge!'
The Marvel Encyclopedia (2006)
HC The Marvel Masterpieces Collection (1993)
- 'The Marvel Encyclopedia'
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1983)
#7 The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition (1985)
- 'M: From Mandarin to Mystique'
The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Master Edition (1990)
Uncanny X-Men (1963)
#256 War Machine (1994)
- 'The Key That Breaks the Locke'#258
- 'Broken Chains'
#8 Web of Spider-Man (1985)
- 'Friendly Fire!'#9
- 'Hands of the Mandarin, Part 2: Once Upon a Time in China'#10
- 'Hands of the Mandarin, Part 5: The Last Emperor'
#61 What If? (1977)
- 'Dragon in the Dark'
#29 Wolverine Encyclopedia (1996)
- 'What If...The Avengers Were the Last Superheroes on Earth?'
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