Real Name: Giulietta Kristina Nefaria
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Madame Masque is a superb marksman.
Madame Masque was born Giulietta Nefaria, the daughter of the master criminal Count Luchino Nefaria. Her mother died when giving birth and Luchino wanted his daughter to lead a respectable life, so he gave the child to Byron Frost and his wife Loretta to be raised. Byron Frost was a wealthy financier and an employee of Nefaria. He called the child Whitney and raised her as his own.
As a young adult, Whitney became engaged to politician Roger Vane. The Frosts died and Count Nefaria approached Whitney and revealed her true parentage. He told Whitney that he wanted her to take his place as leader of the Maggia, a Mafia-like organisation on the East Coast of the United States. Whitney at first refused, but when she told Roger about her father, he left her, afraid that her connections to a known criminal would hamper his political career.
Whitney accepted her father's offer and was trained by him in strategy, criminal activities and combat. She turned out to be a brilliant student and when her father was imprisoned, she became the new Big M, the leader of the Nefaria Maggia. Her role as Big M brought her into conflict with Iron Man and after a raid on his company, Stark Industries, Whitney was forced to flee. Her plane crashed though and Whitney's face was scarred during the accident. She was saved by the criminal Mordecai Midas and started to work for him. Midas was obsessed with gold and Whitney hid her face behind a golden mask and used the alias "Madame Masque".
Madame Masque met Tony Stark, Iron Man's alter-ego and he showed concern for her, despite her scarred face. She turned on Midas to save Stark, but left Stark because of her criminal past. Unable to forget him, she returned as Krissy Longfellow, Stark's personal secretary. Both came to know of each other's secret identity and started a romantic relationship. Their happiness was short-lived though; her father was dying as the result of an attempt to gain superhuman powers. Whitney hired the Ani-Men to bring her father to her and then asked Stark to find a cure for him. Nefaria tried to use violence to force Stark and a battle started between the Ani-Men and Iron Man. During the battle Whitney was unable to chose between her father and her lover and when Nefaria's life support was damaged in the fight, she went insane with guilt and grief.
Whitney returned to the Nefaria Maggia and as "The Director" became its leader. She often fought Iron Man and his friends. At one point, Whitney became paranoid and started to create copies of herself, known as bio-duplicates. One of her bio-duplicates, known as Masque, was an ally of the Avengers. Whitney later ordered Masque exterminated for its aberrant behaviour.
First Appearance: Iron Man (1968) #17
Big M (Whitney Frost)
Kristine ''Krissy'' Longfellow
Countess Giulietta Nefaria
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View a chronological listing of this character's appearances
AAFES 10th Edition [New Avengers: X Exchange] (2010)
All-New Captain America (2015)
All-New Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2006)
#31 Avengers (2010)
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- 'Behind the Masque!'#33
- 'Tainted Love'#34
- 'The Nefaria Protocols'
Avengers Unconquered (2009)
#14 Avengers Undercover (2014)
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- 'The Final Battle!'#24
- 'The Hordes Of Hellfire!'#28
- 'Fall Of The Avengers!'#29
- 'No Way Out!'#34
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#1 Avengers: The Initiative (2007)
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- 'Descent Part Three'#5
- 'Descent Part Five'#7
- 'Going Native Part Two'#8
- 'Going Native Part Three'#9
- 'Going Native Part Four'#10
- 'Going Native Part Five'
#35 Avengers/JLA (2003)
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#4 Civil War II: Kingpin (2016)
- 'The Brave...and the Bold'
#73 Dark Avengers/Uncanny X-Men: Utopia (2009)
- 'Behold... The Brotherhood!'
Dark Reign Files (2009)
Dark Reign: The Cabal (2009)
Dark Reign: The Hood (2009)
#1 Hawkeye (2012)
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- 'Chain of Command'
Annual 01 Hawkeye (2017)
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- 'The Vagabond Code'#4
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- 'The Tape 2 Of 2'#8
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- 'L.A. Woman'#16
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Hawkeye Megaband (2014)
#2 House of M: Masters of Evil (2009)
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#1 Invincible Iron Man (2008)
- 'This Thing of Ours'#2
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#12 Invincible Iron Man (2015)
- 'World's Most Wanted Part 5 The High-End Technology Of Ultramodern Destruction'#13
- 'World's Most Wanted Part 6 Some King Of The World'#14
- 'Worlds's Most Wanted Part 7 The Shape Of The World These Days'#15
- 'World's Most Wanted Part 8 The Danger We're All In'#16
- 'World's Most Wanted Part 9 Titan Of The Nuclear Age'#17
- 'World's Most Wanted Part 10 Ashes And Snow'#18
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- 'World's Most Wanted Conclusion Into The White [Einstein On The Beach]'#20
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- 'Stark: Disassembled Part 2 Digging In The Dirt'#23
- 'Stark: Disassembled Part 4: Ghosts in the Machine'#500.1
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Iron Man (1968)
#17 Iron Man (1998)
- 'The Beginning of the End!'#18
- 'Even Heroes Die!'#19
- 'What Price Life?!'#24
- 'My Son, the Minotaur!'#35
- 'Among Men Stalks the Ramrod'#99
- 'At the Mercy of the Mandarin!'#103
- 'Run For the Money!'#104
- 'Every Hand Against Him!'#106
- 'Then There Came a War!'#107
- 'And, In the End...'#108
- 'Growing Pains!'#109
- 'Sojourners Through Space!'#111
- 'The Man, the Metal, and the Mayhem!'#112
- 'Moon Wars!'#113
- 'The Horn of the Unicorn!'#114
- 'The Menace of...Arsenal!'#115
- 'Anguish, Once Removed!'#138
- 'Chapter II, Facades and Ruses'#139
- 'Chapter III, Facades, Ruses & Masques'#190
- 'Losing the Touch!'#194
- 'The Thing Most Precious'#198
- 'Revelations!'#198 (Newsstand Edition)
- 'And One of Them Must Die'#200
- 'Resolutions!'#200 (Newsstand Edition)
- 'Sky Duel!'#201 (Newsstand Edition)
- 'Sky Duel!'#203
- 'The Maze'#204
- 'Two Live or Die in L.A.!'#245
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#1 Iron Man: The Legend (1996)
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- 'In the Belly of the Beast'#11
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Marvel Encyclopedia (2014)
Marvel Premiere (1972)
Moon Knight (2011)
New Avengers (2005)
New Avengers Finale (2010)
Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe A to Z (2008)
#9 Secret Avengers (2010)
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#29 Secret Invasion (2008)
- 'A Council Of Masters'#31
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#3 Siege: Storming Asgard - Heroes & Villains (2010)
- 'The Siege of Asgard - Intercepted'#4
- 'The Siege of Asgard - The Fallen'
The Incredible Hulk (1968)
The Marvel Encyclopedia (2006)
HC The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe (1983)
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#6 The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe Deluxe Edition (1985)
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#7 The Official Handbook of the Marvel Universe: Master Edition (1990)
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The Superior Foes of Spider-Man (2013)
#15 Thor (1966)
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#608 Thunderbolts (1997)
- 'Siege: Ragnarok, Part 2'
#44 West Coast Avengers (1985)
- 'Keeping An Ion the Crowd!'
Women of Marvel: Celebrating Seven Decades Handbook (2010)
Masters of Evil (Marvel)
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