Real Name: Samuel Clemens
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When he was four, his family moved to Hannibal, a port town on the Mississippi River which later served as the inspiration for the fictional town of St. Petersburg in The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn. Missouri had been admitted as a slave state in 1821 as part of the Missouri Compromise, and from an early age Twain was exposed to the institution of slavery, a theme which Twain was to later explore in his work. In 1847, when Twain was eleven, his father fell ill with pneumonia and died that March. As a teenager Twain worked as an apprentice printer; when he was sixteen, he began writing humorous articles and newspaper sketches. When he was eighteen, he left Hannibal, working as a printer in New York, Philadelphia, St. Louis, and Cincinnati. At the age of 22, Twain returned to Missouri and worked as a riverboat pilot and earned $250 which was a "princely amount" back then, until trade was interrupted by the American Civil War in 1861.
Missouri, although a slave state and considered by many to be part of the South, declined to join the Confederacy and remained loyal to the Union. When the war began, Clemens and his friends formed a Confederate militia (an experience he depicted in his 1885 short story, "The Private History of a Campaign That Failed"), but he saw no military action and the militia disbanded after two weeks. His friends joined the Confederate Army; Clemens joined his brother, Orion, who had been appointed secretary to the territorial governor of Nevada, and headed west. They traveled for more than two weeks on a stagecoach across the Great Plains and the Rocky Mountains to the silver-mining town of Virginia City, Nevada. On the way, they visited the Mormon community in Salt Lake City. Clemens' experiences in the West contributed significantly to his formation as a writer, and became the basis of his second book, Roughing It.
Once in Nevada, Clemens became a miner, hoping to strike it rich discovering silver in the Comstock Lode. He stayed for long periods in camp with his fellow prospectors—another life experience that he later put to literary use. After failing as a miner, Clemens obtained work at a newspaper called the Daily Territorial Enterprise in Virginia City. It was there he first adopted the pen name "Mark Twain".
Born: November 30, 1835
Died: April 21, 1910
First Appearance: None listed.
View a chronological listing of this character's appearances
Batman: The Blue, The Grey, and the Bat (1992)
OGN SC Economix (2013)
- 'The Blue, The Grey, and the Bat'
Mark Twain's Autobiography 1910-2010 (2011)
OGN HC RASL (2008)
- 'Mark Twain's Autobiography 1910-2010'
Storie da Altrove (1998)
#4 The Annotated Sandman (2011)
- 'L'uomo che raccontava storie'
The Beats: A Graphic History (2009)
OGN HC The Beats: Die Geschichte der Beat-Literatur (2010)
- 'The Beats: A Graphic History'
OGN HC The Five Fists of Science (2006)
- 'The Beats: Die Geschichte der Beat-Literatur'
The Lone Ranger (1993)
The Sandman (1989)
The Transformers: Evolutions (2006)
- 'Hearts of Steel'TPB (2012 Reprint)
- 'Hearts of Steel'#1
- 'Hearts of Steel'#2
- 'Hearts of Steel'#3
- 'Hearts of Steel'#4
- 'Hearts of Steel'
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